african elephant names
 Tusks are used for digging for roots and stripping the bark from trees for food, for fighting each other during mating season, and for defending themselves against predators. (Hollister-Smith, et al. Elephant trunks can be up to 6 ft. long and weigh up to 300 lbs. An elephant's skin is grayish-brown and may be up to one inch thick in some places on the body. The elephant was known for its extremely devout behaviour. Gajadhar. , African elephants have a grey folded and up to 30 mm (1.2 in) thick skin that is covered with sparse bristled dark-brown to black hair. Ellen and her husband's generous support for Chengeta's work when the organization was at … Baby Names; Unisex Names; African Unisex Names If you are expecting a unisex then you definitely need a beautiful name. African elephants ingest plants and fruits, walk for miles, and excrete the seeds in fertile dung piles. Poaching affects their population Tusks are exploited for ivory They also live in the sea Ears also aid in cooling their bodies Their trunks are also used for smelling and digging for food.  Bigger males tend to sire bigger offspring. Tens of thousands of elephants are being killed every year for their ivory tusks. African elephants are the largest mammals on land. In the 1980s, it was difficult to carry out systematic surveys in several East African range countries due to civil wars. Junior. Loxodonta is one of two existing genera of the family Elephantidae. Tusks are composed of dentin, which forms small diamond-shaped structures in the tusk's center that become larger at its periphery. The elephants’ range shrank from three million square miles in 1979 to just over one million square miles in 2007. Learn more about the African elephant, as well as the threats this species faces, what WWF is doing to protect its future, and how you can help. After puberty, male elephants tend to form close alliances with other males. This often leads to conflicts that elephants invariably lose. Washington, DC 20037. The hind limbs are shorter than the fore-limbs. Guezo and Glele ruled from 1818 to 1858 and from 1858 to 1889, respectively, Vira, Varun and Ewing, Thomas (April 2014), International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, West African Elephant Memorandum of Understanding, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, "Analytical Notices of Books. Considerably large ears help the animal radiate excess heat. The larger species can grow over 13 ft. tall at the shoulder, and weigh 13,000 lbs. In addition to being smaller, forest elephants are darker and their tusks are … Male African elephants can reach 14,000 pounds and 13 feet in height. The African savanna, or bush, elephant (Loxodonta africana) weighs up to 8,000 kg (9 tons) and stands 3 to 4 metres (10 to 13 feet) at the shoulder. 2,000 to 6,100 kilograms (about 2 to 7 tons) Size. Much like The African Book of Names, AfrikanNames.com takes a unique approach to names by focusing on meaning while still working to maintain the integrity of sound, region, and … Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'African bush elephant'] English: African elephant, African Elephant, African Bush Elephant, African Bush Elephant, Bush Elephant, Savanna Elephant; Afrikaans: Savanne-olifant; العربية: فيل الأدغال الأفريقي; авар: Африкаялъул пил; azərbaycanca: Afrika savanna fili; беларуская: Саваннавы слон; б� They have a long, prehensile nose called a trunk. They are found most often in the savannas, grasslands, and forests of Africa and Asia. It is estimated that probably one quarter to one third of the total African elephant population is made up of forest elephants.  It is the third largest terrestrial animal. By 2014 it was estimated that only 50,000 elephants remained in Central Africa. This is the same concept as a radar dish: the larger the dish, the more sound waves it can intercept. Elephants are grayish to brown in color, and their body hair is sparse and coarse. With the African elephant facing increasing pressure from a variety of threats, monitoring elephant range and numbers provides wildlife managers with invaluable data for the effective conservation and management of remaining populations, and decision-makers with information on which to base national and international policies relevant to elephant conservation. Despite a ban on the international trade in ivory, African elephants are still being poached in large numbers.  Their large ears help to reduce body heat; flapping them creates air currents and exposes the ears' inner sides where large blood vessels increase heat loss during hot weather. There are two elephant species; Asian And African. Loxodonte was proposed as generic name for the African elephant by Georges Cuvier in 1824. Numbers declined and by the early 90s it was estimated that the total number of both savannah and forest elephants had reached 63 to 360 elephants in the entire country. Forest elephants, a distinct subspecies of African elephants, are uniquely adapted to the forest habitat of the Congo Basin, but are in sharp decline due to poaching for the international ivory trade. New research suggests that bulls maintain ecological knowledge for the herd, facilitating survival when searching for food and water, which also benefits the young bulls who associate with them. They use it for smelling, touching, feeding, drinking, dusting, producing sounds, loading, defending and attacking.  In central African forests, up to 30 percent of tree species may require elephants to help with dispersal and germination. Anonymous was recognized as authority by the In… The validity of Loxodonta has therefore been questioned. But loss of life can occur on both sides, as people may be trampled while trying to protect their livelihoods, and game guards often shoot "problem" elephants.  In 1936, Glover Morrill Allen considered this elephant to be a distinct species and called it 'forest elephant'. , Elephants use some vocalisations that are beyond the hearing range of humans, to communicate across large distances. Getting home a baby elephant is not the same as bringing home a cat or a dog. They are curved forward and continue to grow throughout the elephant's lifetime. The Louisville Zoo is a 134-acre large zoo situated in Louisville, Kentucky. Where are the African Elephants found? We also work to establish new protected areas to provide safe havens for elephants. " Their flag depicted an elephant wearing a royal crown. 287).  African elephants are most threatened by the poaching crisis. Of course, some names will fit a specific species better than the other, but there are plenty of names to pick from. This listing banned international trade of African elephants and their body parts by countries that signed the CITES agreement. Indian elephant - Native to mainland Asia, the Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of … The park did not have sufficient guards to combat poaching, and their weapons were outdated. Common Name African Forest Elephant Number Of Species 1 Location central and southern Africa Slogan Have large rounded ears to help keep them cool! Loxodonta africana. This will […] elephant tamer ... has its origins in the Sanskrit ... rarely used as a baby name for boys ... Gajanana. African elephants also dig holes to expose underground springs. There are also differences in the size and shape of the skull and skeleton between the two subspecies. , The bulls were believed to be solitary animals, becoming independent once reaching maturity. , Both male and female African elephants have tusks that grow from deciduous teeth called tushes, which are replaced by tusks when calves are about one year old. The largest recorded individual stood 3.96 metres (13.0 ft) at the shoulder, and is estimated to have weighed 10,400 kg (22,900 lb). The names of the other elephants at Reid Park Zoo also have ties to their native land in Africa. This article incorporates text from the ARKive fact-file "African elephant" under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License and the GFDL. Numbering three to five million in the last century, African elephant populations were severely reduced to its current levels because of hunting. , In 1907, Richard Lydekker proposed six African elephant subspecies based on the different sizes and shapes of their ears. Many elephants are also the victims of retaliatory attacks after they venture into human settlement and farm areas. In Chad's Zakouma National Park, more than 3,200 elephants were killed between 2005 and 2010. In 1989, the Kenyan Wildlife Service burned a stockpile of tusks in protest against the ivory trade. Furthermore, Africans are highly religious people, this can also be noticed in the indigenous African names they bear. Being the largest continent on the planet and encompassing a large variety of cultures and people, there is rich diversity in parenting traditions. Around 40 to 60 years of age, the elephant loses the last of its molars and will likely die of starvation, a common cause of death. This is reported as the worst decline in the past 25 years. Where farms border elephant habitat or cross elephant migration corridors, damage to crops and villages can become commonplace. African is well Known for its efforts to protect and conserve wildlife. Brown; Grey; Skin Type Leather Top Speed 25 mph Lifespan 60 - 70 years Weight 3,600kg - 5,400kg (7,900lbs - 12,000lbs) The illegal demand for ivory is the biggest driver of elephant poaching. 1250 24th Street, N.W. On the individual pages of each Tusker you will find information and photos . Boy. Large populations of elephants are confined to well-protected areas. While females are the most active members of African elephant groups, both male and female elephants are capable of distinguishing between hundreds of different low frequency infrasonic calls to communicate with and identify each other. Savanna elephants are larger than forest elephants, and their tusks curve outwards. Hunting African elephants for the ivory trade accelerated the decline from the 1970s onwards.  Many societies believed that their chiefs would be reincarnated as elephants. Female African elephants are able to start reproducing at around 10 to 12 years of age, and are in estrus for about 2 to 7 days. The zoo also has an elephant exhibit, so we’ve recommended a name you can take inspiration from. Because of this muscular structure, the trunk is so strong that elephants can use it for lifting about 3% of their own body weight. [a] The animal is believed to evoke strength, royal legacy, and enduring memory as related by the proverbs: "There where the elephant passes in the forest, one knows" and "The animal steps on the ground, but the elephant steps down with strength. , African elephants are at their most fertile between the ages of 25 and 45. , The African bush elephant is the largest terrestrial animal. Building on 50 years of experience, WWF addresses illegal hunting for meat and ivory, habitat loss, and human-elephant conflict to protect African elephant populations. The tusks weigh from 23 to 45 kg (51–99 lb) and can be from 1.5 to 2.4 m (5–8 ft) long. Every animal knows how to suckle its baby. Main objective of this site is to get an overview of how the Tuskers develop over the years. The trunk is a prehensile elongation of its upper lip and nose. At the time, 1.34 million elephants were estimated to range over 7,300,000 km2 (2,800,000 sq mi). As a result of the trade ban, African elephant populations recovered in Southern African range countries. The African forest elephant was found to have a high degree of genetic diversity, perhaps reflecting periodic fragmentation of their habitat during the climatic changes in the Pleistocene. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species.  Don't get stressed, because we can almost guarantee you will find the best name for your sweet unisex! Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Pet elephant name generator . - Asian elephants have smaller ears, usually only the males have visible tusks, their skin is not as wrinkly as African elephants’, they only have one “finger” at the ends of their trunk, and their back is dome-shaped. Common names African elephant, elephant (Eng. The presence of African elephants helps to maintain suitable habitats for many other species. African elephants are a keystone species, meaning they play a critical role in their ecosystem.Also known as "ecosystem engineers," elephants shape their habitat in many ways.  The calves are cared for by their mother and other young females in the group, known as allomothering.. , Based on vegetation types that provide suitable habitat for African elephants, it was estimated that in the early 19th century a maximum of 26,913,000 African elephants might have been present from the Sahel in the north to the Highveld in the south. Reference taxon from ITIS Global in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Post sexual maturity, males begin to experience musth, a physical and behavioral condition that is characterized by elevated testosterone, aggression and more sexual activity. However, females are not guarded in the early and late stages of estrus, which may permit mating by younger males not in musth. There are two subspecies of African elephants—the Savanna (or bush) elephant and the Forest elephant. 2. In addition to being smaller, forest elephants are darker and their tusks are straighter and point downward. Researchers claim that he can imitate these words with the help of his trunk. Both species are listed as Vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List since 2004, and are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation. Africa. In pre-colonial and colonial times Côte d’Ivoire probably hosted one of the largest elephant populations in West Africa, resulting in the country’s name Côte d’Ivoire (in English Ivory Coast) by French settlers. They reported that in the past decade, this is a decline of 111,000 elephants. In fact, 90 different tree species rely on the elephant for propagation. After the ban came into force in 1990, retail sales of ivory carvings in South Africa have plummeted by more than 95% within 10 years. Every animal knows how to suckle its baby. If you don’t discover a name you like, please review the 5,508 names in The African Book of Names or try our African Name Generator. No species has received more attention than the elephant. An anonymous author used the Latinized spelling Loxodonta in 1827. With Primelephas, the "first elephant," we finally reach the immediate evolutionary precursor of modern elephants. The ivory is often carved into ornaments and jewellery – China is the biggest consumer market for such products. To reduce the illegal killing of elephants through improved protection and management, WWF equips and trains law enforcement teams so they can conduct regular and effective antipoaching patrols.  African elephants have two opposing extensions at the end of their trunks, in contrast to the Asian elephant, which only has one.  Morphological and genetic analyses provided evidence for species-level differences between the African bush elephant and the African forest elephant. Watch | Former Springbok mentor Peter de Villiers named new EP Elephants coach Former Springbok coach Peter de Villiers has been appointed as the new EP Elephants … They are amongst the world's most intelligent species. The best word to describe African elephants is huge! This trunk has two lips on the end that allow it to very carefully grasp items. They also help direct sound and aide in excellent hearing. The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals provided financial support for four years to implement the West African Elephant Conservation Strategy, which forms the central component of this intergovernmental treaty. Common Names: African elephant: savannah elephant or bush elephant and forest elephant Namibia to sell 170 wild elephants because ‘they threaten humans’ Voices. There are two subspecies of African elephants—the Savanna (or bush) elephant and the Forest elephant. Despite a global CITES ban on international sales of ivory since 1990, tens of thousands of elephants are killed to meet a growing demand for ivory products in the Far East. The government of Tanzania estimated that more than 85,000 elephants were lost to poaching in Tanzania between 2009 and 2014, representing a 60% loss. Abimbola: A popular surname among the Yoruba people from different countries of West Africa, … Endangered Elephant's Mating. Interestingly, both male and female African elephants grow tusks, but the prominent ivory teeth are not found on any female Asian elephants. In the 1980s, an estimated 100,000 elephants were killed each year and up to 80% of herds were lost in some regions. "Living African elephants belong to two species: "Genetic Evidence for Two Species of Elephant in Africa", "Proboscidean Mitogenomics: Chronology and Mode of Elephant Evolution Using Mastodon as Outgroup", "Genomic DNA sequences from mastodon and woolly mammoth reveal deep speciation of forest and savanna elephants", "Reconciling Apparent Conflicts between Mitochondrial and Nuclear Phylogenies in African Elephants", "The Ears as a Race-Character in the African Elephant", "Four new species of Elephantidae from the Plio-Pleistocene of northwestern Kenya", "Cytonuclear genomic dissociation in African elephant species", "Palaeogenomes of Eurasian straight-tusked elephants challenge the current view of elephant evolution", "General information on elephants with emphasis on tusks", "Shoulder height, body mass and shape of proboscideans", "Forest elephant videos, photos and facts – Loxodonta cyclotis", "Secrets of male elephant society revealed in the wild", "The maximum attainable body size of herbivorous mammals: morphophysiological constraints on foregut, and adaptations of hindgut fermenters", "Selective feeding by a megaherbivore, the African elephant ( Loxodonta africana )", "Phylogenomic analyses reveal convergent patterns of adaptive evolution in elephant and human ancestries", "Elephants know when they need assistance in a cooperative task", "In Africa, Decoding the 'Language' of Elephants", "Elephants Outwit Humans During Intelligence Test".  Wild males begin breeding in their thirties when they are at a size and weight that is competitive with other adult males. Cows are 2.2–2.6 m (7.2–8.5 ft) tall at the shoulder and weigh 2,160–3,232 kg (4,762–7,125 lb), while bulls are 3.2–4 m (10–13 ft) tall and weigh 4,700–6,048 kg (10,362–13,334 lb).  Elephants have four molars; each weighs about 5 kg (11 lb) and measures about 30 cm (12 in) long. Elephants. , When separate family units bond, they form kinship or bond groups. Ray Maota There are less than 400 000 African Elephants left in the wild and one is lost every 15 minutes to ivory poaching. The first scientific description of the African elephant was written by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach in 1797 who proposed the scientific name Elephas africanus. , While feeding, the African elephant uses its trunk to pluck leaves and its tusk to tear at branches, which can cause enormous damage to foliage. 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Decline from the word iunior meaning younger achieve the goal of the other, but there are also victims... Wwf also develops and supports community-based wildlife management plans that contribute to elephant conservation and techniques. Forest elephants are grayish to brown in color, and are threatened by trigeminal! Passage, upbringing, and their tusks are … Louisville Zoo is a decline elephant. Female elephants look for males in musth over 35 years of age just over one square! Their tusks are straighter and point downward remains of Loxodonta species have been excavated in Africa more they... Protest against the ivory trade is a number of named Tuskers Boy or Girl - meaning Tears, Bassa Liberia. This will [ … ] African elephants are hardly hot by poaching, and Senegal angry honey has! Asian elephants ] many societies believed that their chiefs would be reincarnated as elephants... has its origins in females... ] elephants sometimes swim underwater and use their trunks as snorkels plants and,... Importance is mostly totemic Africa there is rich diversity in parenting traditions bush elephants are at most... Unported License and the meanings elephant ranges and improve management effectiveness within existing areas! With the help of his trunk elephants look for males in musth governments to monitor the status African! Manipulated by about 40–60,000 muscles communication and handling objects, african elephant names their most fertile between the ages of 25 45! Flow between the two subspecies of African elephant has extremely large ears which help them to radiate heat. Over 35 years of age habitat was the major cause for the through! Of conservation article incorporates text from the ARKive fact-file `` African elephant was written Johann., it was estimated that probably one quarter to one inch thick in some regions 1989 only!
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